Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Mies: Hi everyone, Mies here, and welcome back to Basic Boot Camp Lesson 4: Counting from 1-100 in Dutch. This is the fourth in a five-part series that will help you ease your way into Dutch.
Jacob: Ik heet Jacob. I’m Jacob!
Lesson Details
Mies: In this lesson, you will learn one of the essentials in Dutch…numbers.
Jacob: So, everybody…pull out your abacuses…
Mies: Haha!
Jacob: Kidding!
Mies: At least, we'll try to make learning numbers as easy for you as using an abacus.
Jacob: Yes, we'll start with the basics. In this lesson, we will count from 1 to 10.
Mies: Okay, now, this conversation takes place at a gym
Jacb: That’s right. It’s between Wesley Sneijder and his coach, who will be counting his push ups.
Mies: Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

M: Een(1),
J: en
M: Twee (2),
J: en
M: Drie(3),
J: en
M: Vier (4),
J: en
M: Vijf(5),
J: en
M: Zes (6),
J: en
M: Zeven(7),
J: en
M: Acht (8),
J: en
M: Negen (9),
J: en
M: Tien(10).
M: Let’s hear it slowly now.
J: Laten we nog een keer luisteren, langzaam nu.
M: Een(1),
J: en
M: Twee (2),
J: en
M: Drie(3),
J: en
M: Vier (4),
J: en
M: Vijf(5),
J: en
A: Zes (6),
J: en
M: Zeven(7),
J: en
M: Acht (8),
J: en
M: Negen (9),
J: en
M: Tien(10).
M: And now with the translation.
J: En nu met de vertaling
M Een(1),
Mies One,
J en
Mies And
M Twee (2),
Mies Two,
J en
Mies And
M Drie(3),
Mies Three,
J en
Mies And
M Vier (4),
Mies Four,
J en
Mies And
M Vijf(5),
Mies Five,
J en
Mies And
J Zes (6),
Mies Six,
J en
Mies And
M Zeven(7),
Mies Seven,
J en
Mies And
M Acht (8),
Mies Eight,
J en
Mies And
M Negen (9),
Mies Nine,
J en
Mies And
M Tien(10).
Mies Ten.
Banter - Same as the cultural insight (12 lines)
Mies: I feel like I’ve heard a lot of those words before, somehow.
Jacob: Do you have any German friends?
Mies: Yeah actually I do. My friends Andre and Hendrik are from Germany.
Jacob: Well they are both Germanic languages and have a lot in common.
Mies:. How about English ?
Jacob: Right, English is a Germanic language too. I will say a number in the three languages Dutch, German and English, and you can hear how similar they are.
Mies: Ok bring it on.
Jacob: Zeven, Sieben, Seven
Mies: A little different but I see what you mean, tell me one more, language master.
Jacob: Vier, Vier, Four
Mies: I see that sometimes the Dutch language seems to be a bit closer to German and other times it seems more like English.
Jacob: Indeed! Mies.
Mies: One of the numbers sounded very strange to me…like you had something stuck in your throat.
Jacob: Hmm let me see... That might be “Acht” the number Eight.
Mies: That is right!
Mies: Well yeah, the Dutch language is quite guttural but just keep practicing. I will say it and give you time to repeat aloud after me.
Jacob: Acht, acht (Saying it a bit over the top)
Mies: Great, just don’t hurt your throat, I’m not paying your doctors bill!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Mies: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we is:
Jacob: een [natural native speed]
Mies: one (1)
Jacob: een [slowly]
Jacob: een [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: twee [natural native speed]
Mies: two (2)
Jacob: twee [slowly]
Jacob: twee [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: drie [natural native speed]
Mies: three (3)
Jacob: drie [slowly]
Jacob: drie [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: vier [natural native speed]
Mies: four (4)
Jacob: vier [slowly]
Jacob: vier [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: vijf [natural native speed]
Mies: five (5)
Jacob: vijf [slowly]
Jacob: vijf [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: zes [natural native speed]
Mies: six (6)
Jacob: zes [slowly]
Jacob: zes [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: zeven [natural native speed]
Mies: seven (7)
Jacob: ze-ven [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jacob: zeven [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: acht [natural native speed]
Mies: eight (8)
Jacob: acht [slowly]
Jacob: acht [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: negen [natural native speed]
Mies: nine (9)
Jacob: ne-gen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jacob: negen [natural native speed]
Mies: Next:
Jacob: tien [natural native speed]
Mies: ten (10)
Jacob: tien [slowly]
Jacob: tien [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
M: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Okay, so we’ve more or less mastered the basic numbers one to ten, but how can we count above 10?
J: Well, we form the numbers thirteen through nineteen simply by adding “tien” to the numbers three through nine. There are some exceptions though. Can you pick them out?
M: Let’s hear them!
J: elf, twaalf, dertien, veertien, vijftien, zestien, zeventien, achttien, negentien.
So, what "small exceptions" have you noticed, Mies?
M: Well, at eleven and twelve we don’t add “tien”
J: That’s right. Eleven and twelve are two numbers you need to learn separately as they don't have a logical structure like numbers thirteen to nineteen.
M: Yeah I see...
J: Let me repeat the numbers once more.
elf , twaalf, dertien, veertien, vijftien, zestien, zeventien, achttien, negentien. Did you notice any other exceptions?
M: Yeah, and at thirteen, “drie” changes to “der” and fourteen, “vier”, changes to “veer”!.
J: Great.That is right!
M: I always got confused and used to say "drietien” and “ viertien” which definitely doesn't mean thirteen and fourteen!
J: Dertien, veertien.
M: I will just have to memorize those
J: Great, we covered the most difficult part. Now let's take a look at the multiples of ten, which, once you know one to ten, are really easy!
M: One hundred is the only one that stands out this time. honderd
J: Other than these three, you add "-tig" as an ending to your number.
M: So fifty would be “vijftig”. Listen and repeat:
J: vijftig {pause}
M: So as you might have noticed, "vijf is from "five" and "-tig" indicates that it is a multiple of ten.
J: Here are the rest.
M: Listeners, repeat after Jacob.
J: Twintig {pause} dertig {pause} veertig {pause} vijftig {pause} zestig {pause} zeventig {pause} tachtig {pause} negentig {pause} honderd
M: Okay, we're done with the multiples of ten. Now I'm going to venture into some other important number territory. But still, not higher than one hundred to start.
J: Yes, no number overloading. This may be boot camp, but there is no torture employed here.
M: Okay, so how old are you, Jacob?
J: I see where you're going with this. Actually, you might have to employ torture to get this information. Okay, yes, yes, I am in the double digits. Twenty five.
M: So, to make a number that isn't in a denomination of ten, here's all you do. Twenty, we remember, is “twintig”. Well, now all you do put the number five in front and link them with “en” meaning “ and.”
J: Vijfentwintig
M: Great, because “vijf” is the number for "five." So all you have to do is say ‘five’ and ‘twenty.’
J: Yes, so let's try it with more numbers. How old are you, Mies? It's okay; they'll believe whatever we say. They can't see us!
M: So what is thirty-one in Dutch ?
J: Eenendertig
M: Yes, because it's “one” and thirty. We say this as “een,” which is the number for "one." Then “en” which is the word for “and” then “ dertig” which is the word for “thirty”. Okay, okay, Jacob, let's tell them our real ages. We're actually sixty-eight. How do we say that?
J: Well the number for "eight” remember, is “acht”. So we just add “en (plus) “zestig” at the end. Achtenzestig.

Lesson focus

M: Okay, now let’s take a look at the Grammar Point of this lesson, which is how to use these numbers.
M: When you go to a bar and order a drink you will first say the number and then what you want.
Number- noun- interjection.
M: So for example:
J: “ Twee bier alstublieft”
M: Two beers please.
M: When you will have to tell someone your age it will be:
Pronoun “Ik” - “I” then verb “ben” - “am” then number “vijfentwintig” - ”twenty five” then noun “jaar” - ”year”. All together we have: “Ik ben vijfentwintig jaar” .“I’m twenty-five” years old.
J: Or you can lie and say; “Ik ben negentien jaar”. “I’m nineteen”
M: The number is always placed in front of the noun.
If I want to say; “He has nine sisters” it would be:
Pronoun, “Hij” - ”he” verb, “heeft” - “has,” then number “negen” - “nine,” then noun “zussen” - “sisters”.
All together, we have: “Hij heeft negen zussen.!
J: Wow I feel sorry for him.
M: Ha ha! don’t be – they are all lovely.

Outro

M: That’s it for this lesson.
J: Want a free way to build your Dutch vocabulary?
M: Follow our Dutch Word of the Day at DutchPod101.com!
J: See and hear the Word of the Day.
M: Plus sample phrases and sentences.
J: Get these daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook , Twitter and the DutchPod101.com blog.
M: And add this widget to your own website or blog. They are available in 35 languages.
M: Thanks for listening. Bye (in Dutch Dag)
J: Get these easy instructions at DutchPod101.com/dutchphrases
J: Thanks for listening, dag!
M: See you!

20 Comments

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DutchPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Listeners,  can you say how old you are in Dutch after listening this lesson?

DutchPod101.com
Sunday at 7:19 pm
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Hoi Mali,


Thank you for commenting 😎

Dat is een mooie leeftijd, ik ben vierenveertig. 😇


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Mali
Sunday at 8:17 am
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Hallo,Ik ben achtentwintig jaar

DutchPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:51 pm
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Hoi Lance,


Thank you for commenting !

Ha, dat is toch niet zo oud ? Honderd, dat is pas oud.

Als je verder maar gezond bent, dat is het belangrijkste.


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Lance
Saturday at 1:23 pm
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Ik ben oud! Ik ben zevenenvijftig jaar. Ik heb acht jaar in Zuid-Afrika gewoond en ik heb Afrikaans leren spreken.

DutchPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 10:29 pm
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Hi Cheryll,


Thank you for very much for commenting !

Good job there, a perfect Dutch sentence.


* Ik ben 29 jaar.


Is also correct and you don't always need to write the numbers full numbers.


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Cheryll Dela Cruz
Friday at 6:09 pm
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Hallo! Ik ben negenentwintig jaar!

DutchPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 3:39 pm
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Hoi Guilherme!


Thank you for your comment :thumbsup:

You almost got it!


# Ik ben tweeëntwintig jaar oud.


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Guilherme
Tuesday at 5:17 am
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Ik ben tweeëntweetig jaar oud.

DutchPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 2:05 pm
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Hoi Mariann,


Mooie leeftijd!! Ik ben negenendertig :smile:


Jacob

Team DutchPod101.com

DutchPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 8:32 pm
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Hoi Françoise,


Thank you for your comment!:smile:


Good to hear you can count in Dutch now!:thumbsup::thumbsup: Are you okay with 'acht' ?:sunglasses:


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com