Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Hallo! Hello and welcome to Dutch Survival Phrases brought to you by DutchPod101.com, this course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to the Netherlands. You will be surprised at how far a little Dutch will go.
Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by DutchPod101.com and there, you will find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.

Lesson focus

No matter where you are, you will always have some place to be! Today we'll look at the question that will give you the tools to ask how much time you have left to get there. We'll also give you the tools to understand the answer!
In Dutch, "What time is it?" is Hoe laat is het?
Let's break it down by syllable: Hoe laat is het?
Hoe laat is het?
The first word, hoe, means, "how."
The next component is laat, and means, "late," referring to time.
Next, we have is ("is"). Is. We finish the question with het, which means, "it."
All together, we have: Hoe laat is het? ("What time is it?")
Let's go over hours here.
"Hour" in Dutch is uur.
We don't use A.M. and P.M. in the Netherlands but instead we say, 's morgens, 's middags, or 's avonds, which is, "morning," "afternoon," or "evening." After the hour when it's not really sure what period we are talking about. So for example, "1:00 A.M." will be 1 uur's ochtends. We will practice both versions. You can use both but if you want to be precise, you can add the set time of the day.
1:00 AM
een uur's ochtends
2:00 AM
twee uur's ochtends
3:00 AM
drie uur's ochtends
4:00 AM
vier uur's ochtends
5:00 AM
vijf uur's ochtends
6:00 AM
zes uur's ochtends
7:00 AM
zeven uur
8:00 AM
acht uur
9:00 AM
negen uur
10:00 AM
tien uur
11:00 AM
elf uur
12:00 PM
twaalf uur
1:00 PM
een uur's middags
2:00 PM
twee uur's middags
3:00 PM
drie uur's middags
4:00 PM
vier's uur middags
5:00 PM
vijf uur's middags
6:00 PM
zes uur's avonds
7:00 PM
zeven uur's avonds
8:00 PM
acht uur
9:00 PM
negen uur
10:00 PM
tien uur
11:00 PM
elf uur
12:00 AM
twaalf uur
Let's cover how to answer the question Hoe laat is het? in Dutch now!
First, you say, het is...,or "it is," and then the time.
Let's see it one more time, het is...
Let's try with 6:00 P.M.
"It's 6:00 P.M." in Dutch is Het is zes uur's avonds.
Let's break it down by syllable: Het is zes uur's avonds.
Het is zes uur's avonds.
The first words, het is, mean, "it is."
Then you have the time and time of day, which is zes uur's avonds ("6:00 P.M.").
Zes uur 's avonds.
All together, we have: Het is zes uur's avonds.
Let's now try to say, "It's 6:00 A.M."
In Dutch, this would be Het is zes uur's ochtends. We again have, het is ("it is") and then the time, zes uur's ochtends.
Let's go over minutes now.
The word "minutes" in Dutch is minuten.
Mi-nu-ten.
Minuten.
It's the plural of minuut ("minute").
In Dutch, you say the number for "minutes" first, followed by the number of "hours."
As we mentioned before, the hours are always expressed by the cardinal numbers, minutes will also be expressed by the cardinal numbers.
The cardinal numbers will be een ("one"), twee ("two"), tree ("three"), vier ("four"), and so on, so these are the numbers we introduced in the lesson about counting.
Let's have a look at some examples. For example, you want to say, "It's 3:20 P.M."
In Dutch "It's 3:20 P.M." is Het is tien minuten voor half vier's middags.
First, we have het is ("is").
Then we have the number for minutes, tien minuten ("00.10").
Let's say it one more time. Tien minuten.
The minutes are followed by the hours, half vier ("four"). Half vier.
So all together we have Het is tien minuten voor half vier's middags.
Now let's try to say "It's 9:10 AM."
In Dutch, this would be: Het is tien minuten over negen's ochtends. We again follow the same pattern.
We start with het is ("is"), then we have the minutes, tien ("ten"), followed by the hours, negen ("nine").
We don't really have to say the word minutes and hours all the time and so we can leave it out from next time.
In this case, the sentence would be Het is tien over negen.
The only time you will have to use the word uur ("hour") is when you have a whole hour. Like 10:00 P.M., 06:00 A.M., etc.
"It's 5:55 P.M.," in Dutch is: Het is vijf voor zes.

Outro

Okay, to close out this lesson, we'd like you to practice what you've just learned. I'll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you're responsible for saying it aloud. You have a few seconds before I give you the answer, so good luck, that also means “good luck” in Dutch.
"What time is it?" - Hoe laat is het?
Hoe laat is het?
Hoe laat is het?
"It's 6.00 P.M." - Het is zes uur 's avonds.
Het is zes uur 's avonds.
Het is zes uur 's avonds.
"It's 6.00 A.M." - Het is zes uur 's ochtends.
Het is zes uur 's ochtends.
Het is zes uur 's ochtends.
"It's 3.20 P.M." - Het is tien voor half vier.
Het is tien voor half vier.
Het is tien voor half vier.
"It's 9.30 A.M." - Het is half tien.
Het is half tien.
Het is half tien.
"It's 5.55 P.M." - Het is vijf voor zes.
Het is vijf voor zes.
Het is vijf voor zes.
"midday" - middag
middag
middag
"midnight" - middernacht
middernacht
middernacht
All right, that's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by DutchPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment. Tot ziens!

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