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Lesson Transcript

Hallo allemaal! Ik heet Gabriella. Hi everybody! I’m Gabriella.
Welcome to DutchPod101.com’s “Nederlands in 3 minuten”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Dutch.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to use the verbs zijn and hebben. In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to turn these two verbs into their negative forms in order to say "I'm not" and "I don't have."
So let's take an example. Imagine you are about to go to a party with a Dutch friend. You ask him if he’s ready, and he answers Nee, ik ben nog niet klaar. “No, I’m not ready yet.”
Then, you ask him if he has a car to use to go to the party and he answers Nee, ik heb geen auto. “No, I don’t have a car.”
Let’s break down these two negative sentences.
Nee, ik ben nog niet klaar.
Nee, ik heb geen auto.
[slowly] Nee, ik ben nog niet klaar. Nee, ik heb geen auto.
In the first sentence, with zijn, “to be”, the word niet is used to make the sentence negative. In the second sentence, with hebben, “to have”, the word geen is used to make the sentence negative.
So let's see how to switch from the affirmative to the negative.
First, using the verb zijn. If your friend *were* ready, he would say Ik ben klaar, “I am ready.” But he actually said Nee, ik ben nog niet klaar, “No, I am not ready yet.”
So, you just have to put the word niet after the verb to make it negative.
Now let's look at an example with the verb hebben, "to have"-
"I have a car" is Ik heb een auto, and "I don't have a car" is Ik heb geen auto.
So to make the sentence negative, you have to put the word geen after the verb.
But be careful, this is a little different to the affirmative version. In the negative sentence, the article een should be left out.
So now, how would you say "I don't like this restaurant?" For reference, “I like this restaurant” is Ik hou van dit restaurant.
To make the sentence negative, put niet after hou. Ik hou niet van dit restaurant. “I don’t like this restaurant”.
[slowly] Ik hou niet van dit restaurant.
Easy, don't you think? So now you can turn many sentences into their negative form just by adding this little word niet after the verb. When you use the verb hebben, “to have”, you use the word geen.
Now it’s time for Gabriella’s Insights.
If you want to answer negatively but without being too direct, you can add the word echt after niet. This will mean "I don't really..." and will sound softer and more polite.
So if you want to say "I don't really like fish," you would say Ik hou niet echt van vis.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the Dutch language - using adjectives.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Nederlands in 3 minuten lesson.
Tot ziens!

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

DutchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Can you make a sentence using the negative form?

DutchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:19 PM
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Hoi Marius Rombout Ferreira van Riemsdijk,


Thank you for commenting and welcome here.

We are happy to read that you enjoyed this lesson, thank you 😇


"Niet" means "not" and is pretty much used the same as in English.


I don't go home yet. - Ik ga nog niet naar huis.

Ik hou niet van appels. - I don't like apples.


Succes!


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Marius Rombout Ferreira van Riemsdijk
Saturday at 06:05 AM
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How to use "niet"? I've found this a neat lesson!

DutchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 08:12 PM
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Hoi Leah,


Thank you for sharing and that's really nicely done there 👍

Just don't forget to use the plural form for the nouns.


vrienden (friends)

bloemen (flowers)

apen (monkees)


Do you like oranges? - Hou je van sinaasappels?


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

leah
Thursday at 01:52 PM
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Ik heb geen vriend.

Ik heb niet veel vriend.


Ik hou van bloem.😄

Ik hou niet van aap.😞

Ik hou niet echt van aap.


How to say do you like orange?

is it: Hou jij van sinnaarsappel?

DutchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:47 PM
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Hoi Cheryll,


You almost had it right ? This one is a bit tricky..


* Ik heb geen geld. ( i have no money)

* Ik heb niet veel geld. ( i don't have much money)


Jacob,

Team DutchPod101.com

Cheryll
Wednesday at 12:38 AM
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Ik heb geen veel geld.